Estudos sobre reposição hormonal

Que estudos ainda precisam ser feitos sobre reposição hormonal?

Permanecem dúvidas sobre os efeitos adversos à saúde associados ao uso de estrogênio sozinho em mulheres pós-menopausa. Questões adicionais não resolvidas são: se as diferentes formas de hormônios, menores doses, hormônios diferentes, ou diferentes vias de administração são mais seguros ou eficientes; se os riscos e/ou benefícios persistem depois que a mulher para de tomar os hormônios; se a mulher poderia ser capaz de tomar hormônios com segurança por um curto período de tempo; e se certos subgrupos de mulheres poderiam ter um risco maior ou menor do que a população geral.

O WHI (Women's Health Initiative) continua a fazer pesquisas que têm como foco os caminhos para prevenir doença cardíaca, câncer de mama e colorretal, e frutas, vegetais e grãos na prevenção de câncer de mama e colorretal, doença cardíaca, assim como o efeito dos suplementos alimentares de cálcio e vitamina D sobre a prevenção de fraturas relacionadas à osteoporose.

Muitos estudos estão sendo feitos para avaliar a associação ente a reposição hormonal na menopausa e a ocorrência de câncer colorretal (45). Outros projetos de pesquisa estão descritos em vários sites governamentais (46, 47).

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Perguntas e respostas sobre reposição hormonal menopausa


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Créditos:
National Cancer Institute
Tradução: © Hélio Augusto Ferreira Fontes


Referências

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  46. http://researchportfolio.cancer.gov 

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